It began as simple a geo-political region of the existing worldwide church (latin term "catholic" not to be confused with "Roman Catholic"). Non-Chalcedonians – Egypt, Syria, Armenia, Mesopotamia a.The Orthodox Church became its own distinctentity as a result of the following events which occurred over the course of about 700 years: A. Christ unified in His nature and subsequent person. Pope Leo IX – Pope of Catholic Church – fought against Normans in 1052 taken captive 1. Sent legate Cardinal Humbert to give evidence from Constantine’s “donatio” that Rome held primal papacy. Cardinal Humbert laid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia B.
Were it not for a letter to Mohammed to "spare the Copts as they are your 'kin;" The Coptic Christians would have possibly been driven out or worse, wiped out.Desecrated Hagia Sophia – something even the Muslims would not do.1794 Sent missionaries to Alaska, established first Orthodox Church in N America * 125 million Russian Orthodox today D. Quoted in Together Forever, Aid Association for Lutherans, Appleton, WI, 1997, p. Quoted in Together Forever, Aid Association for Lutherans, Appleton, WI, 1997, pp. -This led to his removal as Bishop by Emperor Leo III • This controversy would continue for another 300 years and was largely an "Eastern" church issue as the majority of Eastern Churches supported the use of icons - Popes Gregory I and II opposed the Byzantine Emperor & issued anathemas against them3. 2 - organization and discipline of the early church a. D., this church flourished under the authority of the Eastern Church (later to become the Eastern Orthodox church in 1054).