The chief negotiator of the Dayton Peace Accords was the American diplomat Richard Holbrooke, who recently passed away.
In honor of his death on December 13, 2010, PBS Newshour posted a video of Holbrooke, in which he talks about the Dayton Accords.
The country was split up: an independent Croatian state, which also included most of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created under the rule of the fascist Ustashe movement.
They conducted large-scale genocide campaigns against Serbian, Jewish and Roma citizens.
By 1990 Yugoslavia was plagued with many problems: foreign debt, inflation, unemployment, strong nationalist feelings and political problems that created a troublesome atmosphere.
During the Second World War, a civil war broke out in Yugoslavia between the Croatian Ustashe, Serbian pro-monarchist partisans, or "Chetniks," and communist partisans, led by Josip Brosz Tito.
After the war, the communist Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was founded.
The country was first formed as a kingdom in 1918 and then reorganized as a communist state under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito after World War II.
The constitution established six constituent republics and two autonomous provinces, roughly divided on ethnic lines.
The Serbs who lived in Bosnia were determined to remain within Yugoslavia and to help build a greater Serbia.