It clothed the people of ancient India, Egypt, and China.Hundreds of years before the Christian era, cotton textiles were woven in India with matchless skill, and their use spread to the Mediterranean countries.This aspect is retained in the name for cotton in several Germanic languages, such as German Baumwolle, which translates as "tree wool" (Baum means "tree"; Wolle means "wool").Noting its similarities to wool, people in the region could only imagine that cotton must be produced by plant-borne sheep.The earliest evidence of cotton use in the Indian subcontinent has been found at the site of Mehrgarh and Rakhigarhi where cotton threads have been found preserved in copper beads; these finds have been dated to Neolithic (between 60 BC).and was the backbone of the development of coastal cultures such as the Norte Chico, Moche, and Nazca.
Because Herodotus had written in his Histories, Book III, 106, that in India trees grew in the wild producing wool, it was assumed that the plant was a tree, rather than a shrub.
The Greeks and the Arabs were not familiar with cotton until the Wars of Alexander the Great, as his contemporary Megasthenes told Seleucus I Nicator of "there being trees on which wool grows" in "Indica".
Cotton has been spun, woven, and dyed since prehistoric times.
The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa.
Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds.
The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile.