This can be harmful to people with BPD, since negative emotions alert people to the presence of a problematic situation and move them to address it which the person with BPD would normally be aware of only to cause further distress.While people with BPD feel euphoria (ephemeral or occasional intense joy), they are especially prone to dysphoria (a profound state of unease or dissatisfaction), depression, and/or feelings of mental and emotional distress. recognized four categories of dysphoria that are typical of this condition: extreme emotions, destructiveness or self-destructiveness, feeling fragmented or lacking identity, and feelings of victimization.This difficulty with knowing who they are and what they value can cause people with BPD to experience feeling "empty" and "lost".Dissociation often occurs in response to experiencing a painful event (or experiencing something that triggers the memory of a painful event).While strongly desiring intimacy, people with BPD tend toward insecure, avoidant or ambivalent, or fearfully preoccupied attachment patterns in relationships, BPD, like other personality disorders, is linked to increased levels of chronic stress and conflict in romantic relationships, decreased satisfaction on the part of romantic partners, abuse, and unwanted pregnancy.They are often unsure about their long-term goals for relationships and jobs.People with BPD can be very sensitive to the way others treat them, by feeling intense joy and gratitude at perceived expressions of kindness, and intense sadness or anger at perceived criticism or hurtfulness.Their feelings about others often shift from admiration or love to anger or dislike after a disappointment, a threat of losing someone, or a perceived loss of esteem in the eyes of someone they value.
The number of interviews was determined by the moment that no new topics emerged during at least 2 interviews, which resulted in 10 interviews.
Currently there is no official definition of the construct of invalidation.
In this regard, in the study titled “” Marianne Kool from t Utrecht University, Utrecht in the The Netherlands and her colleague applied a hierarchical cluster analysis to assess everyday invalidation experiences of patients with fibromyalgia.
indicate that the construct of invalidation as perceived by patients with fibromyalgia includes active negative social responses as well as a lack of positive social responses with respect to the patient and their condition.
In this setting, the psychological “construct of invalidation” indicates the perception that a person with fibromyalgia does not really suffer from any real, physical illness.
A core characteristic of BPD is affective instability, which generally manifests as unusually intense emotional responses to environmental triggers, with a slower return to a baseline emotional state.