Because the Egyptians never recorded any reverses, or any defeats, of any kind. So, can you imagine the pharaoh in charge saying "By the way, on my watch - under my administration - hundreds of thousands of Hebrew slaves were able to escape when we wanted them to stay in Egypt"? Michael Shermer: Ok, maybe the Egyptians were embarassed or whatever, but... That's just saying that it's true because there's no evidence for it.It is unlikely that the 603,550 adult males plus women and children mentioned in the Exodus story would have gone unremarked by contemporary Egyptian records.Christian and Jewish literalists do not accept this.A detailed examination of the innumerable issues raised by the fringe Velikovsky and Rohl alternate chronologies is beyond the scope of this article, and will not be attempted here.However, many if not most of the places mentioned in the Exodus did not exist within the same chronological period as one another.Pithom (Per‐Atum/Tckenu) and Raamses (Per‐Ramesses), the two "treasure cities" claimed to have been built by the Hebrews, never existed at the same time.Despite being regarded in Judaism as the primary factual historical narrative of the origin of the religion, culture and ethnicity, Exodus is now accepted by scholars as having been compiled in the 8th–7th centuries BCE from stories dating possibly as far back as the 13th century BCE, with further polishing in the 6th–5th centuries BCE, as a theological and political manifesto to unite the Israelites in the then‐current battle for territory against Egypt.Archaeologists from the 19th century onward were actually surprised not to find any evidence whatsoever for the events of Exodus.
However, the references to the name Ramses in Exodus has led to suggestions that a thirteenth-century date is implied.
By the 1970s, archaeologists had largely given up regarding the Bible as any use at all as a field guide.
The archaeological evidence of local Canaanite, rather than Egyptian, origins of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel is "overwhelming," and leaves "no room for an Exodus from Egypt or a 40‐year pilgrimage through the Sinai wilderness." The culture of the earliest Israelite settlements is Canaanite, their cult objects are of the Canaanite god El, the pottery is in the local Canaanite tradition, and the alphabet is early Canaanite.
An also, that if the Solomonic Temple was built 12 generations after the Exodus (I Kings 6:1) and these are actually 30 not 40 real years, 360 years after 1330 is 970 BCE, again within decades of modern estimates.
The reign of Ramesses II (Ramesses the Great) has long been considered a candidate for the Exodus, due to the biblical reference to the city of Per‐Ramesses: Critics often say there's no record of their crossing the Red Sea and that sort of thing - totally understandable why.
The Book of Numbers gives a list of sites at which the Hebrews allegedly settled, in Sinai and its immediate surroundings, during the Exodus.