Slovenia declared independence from the Federation of Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991, and after inflicting surprising defeats on the communist-led Yugoslav Army under the leadership of defense minister Janez Jansa, achieved peace on July 7, 1991.
On December 23, 1991, the Slovenian Constitution was adopted.
The most famous missionaries were the Irish bishop St.
Bordering on Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the east, and Croatia to the south, Slovenia has a population of just a little over two million. Slovenians, the westernmost Slavic people, have always been geographically and culturally a part of Central Europe rather than of the Balkans.
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Since its independence in 1991, intensified tourist and other economic relations with Western countries, and admission as a member of the European Union, the country has received more attention.
, this has been challenged by a group of writers who argue that Slovenians are descendants of an ancient West Slavic people called Veneti, Vendi or Wends—a people that predate the Romans.
Slovenians learned to read and write as early as the 860s.