What are the adult health consequences of childhood bullying?Still considered a rite of passage by some, research is now attempting to understand why victims of childhood bullying are at risk of poorer outcomes in adulthood, not only for psychological health, but also physical health, cognitive functioning and quality of life. Visit our Pediatrics / Children's Health category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Pediatrics / Children's Health.The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) defines emotional abuse as: Emotional abuse involves saying things and behaving in a way that conveys to the child that he/she is inadequate, unloved, worthless, or only valued as far as the other person's needs are concerned.This can be done in several ways, such as not allowing children to express their views and opinions, ridiculing what they say, silencing them, or mocking the way they are or how they try to communicate.Emotional abuse may also include some forms of overprotection, resulting in the child not being able to learn, explore, or take part in normal social interaction.Seeing or hearing another person being ill-treated is also a form of emotional abuse.Child abuse can happen anywhere, in the child's home, school, community or other organizations, environments or places.Physical abuse may include, as defined in the UK and most other European Union countries: In a growing number of countries, using corporal punishment as a form of imposing or teaching discipline, is seen as a form of physical child abuse.
Child abuse 'has serious consequences for brain development' A new study recently published in the American Journal of Psychiatry has found an association between child abuse and the reduction of gray matter in the brain that is responsible for information processing.
All references are available in the References tab.
Sources: NSPCC (National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children), UK, Department of Health and Human Services, USA, National Health Service, UK, CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), USA.
There are several different types of bullying: Even experts may find it hard to initially pick up on the signs of child abuse. The first step towards helping neglected and/or abused children is to learn to recognize the signs.
If just one sign is identified, this does not mean abuse has been occurring - some children may appear to display more than one sign and have not been abused.
However, it involves at least one of the abuse categories, and often two or more.